"Eighty Days: Nellie Bly and Elizabeth Bisland's History Making Race Around the World" (Ballantine Books), by Matthew Goodman
Americans have always loved a good race. From the Kentucky Derby to the Indianapolis 500, it's part of our DNA to crown the fastest. In his book Eighty Days, Matthew Goodman tells the story of two pioneering female journalists who raced each other 28,000 miles around the globe in 1889. One woman went east. The other went west. For more than two months, readers followed the women as they battled storms, snow and delays until one got back to New York City first.
The competition didn't start as a race. It started as a stunt. To boost its circulation, Joseph Pulitzer's The World newspaper dispatched its star investigative journalist, Nellie Bly, off to circumnavigate the globe in 75 days. If she made it, she would beat the fictional record set by Phileas Fogg in Jules Verne's 1873 novel, Around the World in 80 Days.
But when the head of The Cosmopolitan magazine read about Bly's departure, he saw an opportunity. Less than 24 hours later he had his own reporter, Elizabeth Bisland, on a train headed around the world in the opposite direction.
The racing reporters were strikingly different. At the time she departed New York City on the morning of Nov. 14, 1889, Bly was already a star. The 25-year-old had posed as a mental patient to expose the horrific conditions at a women's asylum, gone undercover to out a man preying on women in Central Park and assumed a different identity to expose a corrupt lobbyist. She had also traveled outside the country, reporting from Mexico for several months.
Bisland had less grand ambitions. The 28-year-old initially told her boss she didn't want to drop everything for the trip in part because she had guests coming for tea the next day. And while Bly famously wore only one dress on her trip and brought a single piece of luggage she could carry herself, Bisland left with a steamer trunk.
Looking back on their journey today, it is remarkable how slowly the women traveled. Getting across the country by train took Bisland more than four days. Crossing the Atlantic Ocean by steamship took Bly a week. Then there was the challenge of communication, with the women relying on telegraph offices to announce their arrivals. (Without email and a mobile phone, it takes awhile for Bly to learn she's got a competitor in her race.)
Goodman's book is more than a retelling of the around-the-globe dash. Readers also get a history lesson on topics from time zones to the 1882 Chinese Exclusion Act. The actual reveal of who won the race is somewhat of a letdown in the telling. But maybe we should focus less on the winners and more on watching a great race unfold.